05000293/LER-2017-004

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LER-2017-004, Secondary Containment Testing Led to Loss of Safety Function to Both Trains of Standby Gas Treatment System
Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station
Event date: 04-05-2017
Report date: 06-02-2017
Reporting criterion: 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(v)(C), Loss of Safety Function - Release of Radioactive Material

10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(v)(D), Loss of Safety Function - Mitigate the Consequences of an Accident
LER closed by
IR 05000293/2017002 (14 August 2017)
2932017004R00 - NRC Website
LER 17-004-00 for Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Regarding Secondary Containment Testing Led to Loss of Safety Function to Both Trains of Standby Gas Treatment System
ML17163A178
Person / Time
Site: Pilgrim Entergy icon.png
Issue date: 06/02/2017
From: Perkins E P
Entergy Nuclear Operations
To:
Document Control Desk, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation
References
2.17.036
Download: ML17163A178 (7)


comments regarding burden estimate to the Information Services Branch (T-2 F43), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by e-mail to used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, the information collection.

BACKGROUND

The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station (PNPS) Secondary Containment System (SCS) is designed, in conjunction with other engineered safeguards and nuclear safety systems, to limit the release of radioactive material during normal plant operations within the limits of 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 20 and to limit the release of radioactive material so that off-site doses from a postulated design basis accident will be below the guideline values in 10 CFR Part 100.

The SCS consists of four subsystems: (1) the Reactor Building, (2) the Reactor Building Isolation Control System (RBICS), (3) the Standby Gas Treatment System (SBGTS), and (4) the Main Stack. The Reactor Building completely encloses the primary containment system which includes the Drywell (containing the Reactor) and Torus (containing the Suppression Pool). The function of the RBICS is to trip the Reactor Building ventilation supply and exhaust fans, isolate the normal Reactor Building ventilation system, and provide initiation signals to start the SBGTS in the event of a postulated Loss of Coolant Accident (LOCA) inside the Drywell or a postulated fuel handling accident in the Reactor Building. The safety function of the SBGTS is to reduce the Reactor Building pressure to a minimum subatmospheric pressure of 0.25 inches of water to limit the ground level release to the environs of airborne radioactive materials so that off-site doses from a design basis fuel handling or LOCA will be below the guideline values stated in 10 CFR Part 100.

The SBGTS discharges processed gases to the Main Stack via underground piping. The Main Stack provides an elevated release point for the processed gases. The mission time for the SCS is 30 days.

PNPS Technical Specification (TS) 3/4.7.B.1 governs the operability requirements of the SBGTS. The specification requires that with certain exceptions, the SBGTS shall be operable during periods that include reactor power operation (RUN, STARTUP, and HOT SHUTDOWN modes), during movement of irradiated fuel assemblies in secondary containment, during movement of new fuel over the spent fuel pool, during CORE ALTERATIONS, and during operations with a potential for draining the reactor vessel. For reactor power operation, the specification allows a 7-day allowed outage time if one train is made or found to be inoperable for any reason provided the other train and associated diesel generator is operable and that if the system is not fully made operable within 7 days, the specification requires the initiation of a reactor shutdown and cold shutdown within the next

36 hours
4.166667e-4 days
0.01 hours
5.952381e-5 weeks
1.3698e-5 months

. If both trains are inoperable, the specification requires the reactor be in cold shutdown within

36 hours
4.166667e-4 days
0.01 hours
5.952381e-5 weeks
1.3698e-5 months

.

EVENT DESCRIPTION

On April 5, 2017, at

0030 hours
3.472222e-4 days
0.00833 hours
4.960317e-5 weeks
1.1415e-5 months

[EDT] with the Reactor in the Run Mode at approximately 97 percent power, both trains of the SBGTS were made inoperable during the performance of a surveillance test of secondary containment prior to the refueling outage, With both trains of SBGTS inoperable in the Run mode this event is reportable per the requirements of 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(v)(C) and 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(v)(D), any event that could have prevented the fulfillment of the safety functions to "control the release of radioactive material" and "mitigate the consequences of an accident.

comments regarding burden estimate to the Information Services Branch (T-2 F43), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by e-mail to used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, the information collection.

Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station 05000- 293 2017 - 00

CAUSE OF THE EVENT

The direct cause of this condition was that Operations isolated SBGTS Trains A & B by placing both SBGTS fans in the OFF position at the same time. This resulted in SBGTS Trains A & B becoming inoperable during performance of procedure 8.7.3, Secondary Containment Leak Rate Test, in the Run Mode.

The Root Cause of this event is that the scheduling process used in the 1995-1997 timeframe to move the performance of the Technical Specification 4.7.0 surveillance from the Cold Shutdown Mode to the Run Mode did not ensure a thorough and documented review of the change's relevance to license compliance or potential safety function impact and risk, as was required by PNPS procedure 1.8, Master Surveillance Tracking Program.

CORRECTIVE ACTIONS

Completed:

1] PNPS successfully performed procedure 8.7.3 Secondary Containment Leak Rate Test during Refueling Outage 21 prior to refueling.

2] As an interim action, the Operations Department issued a detailed Standing Order to ensure that if an activity is scheduled to be performed that disables both trains of a safety function that is required by Technical Specifications, to verify that the condition would be allowed by plant Technical Specifications for that mode of operation.

Planned:

1] Train operations personnel and Department Preventive Maintenance Coordinators on the fact that the elective or voluntary entry into a Limiting Condition for Operation Action Statement that results in the removal of a safety function is not allowed.

2] Revise procedure 8.7.3 and corresponding work control documents to state that the procedure shall be performed during each refueling outage as required by Technical Specifications Section 4.7.C.1.

3] Other corrective actions are being developed in accordance with the Corrective Action Program that will address potential extent of condition.

SAFETY CONSEQUENCES

There were no consequences to the safety of the general public, nuclear safety, industrial safety, and radiological safety due to this event. The actual consequences were a loss of safety function for the Secondary Containment System for approximately 49 minutes while performing the surveillance.

There was no adverse impact on the public health or safety.

comments regarding burden estimate to the Information. Services Branch (T-2 F43), U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, or by e-mail to used to impose an information collection does not display a currently valid OMB control number, the NRC may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, the information collection.

Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station 05000- 293 2017 - 00

REPORTABILITY

With both trains of SBGTS inoperable in the Run mode, this event is reportable per the requirements of 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(v)(C) and 10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(v)(D), any event or condition that could have prevented the fulfillment of the safety functions to "control the release of radioactive material" and "mitigate the consequences of an accident.

PREVIOUS EVENTS:

A review was conducted of previously issued PNPS LERs. The review focused on LERs that involved similar events where the SBGTS function was lost. This review identified similar events documented in:

1) LER 2012-003-00 "Both Trains of Standby Gas Treatment System Inoperable" 2) LER 2010-002-00 "Standby Gas Treatment Declared Inoperable After Discovery of Open Demister Door" 3) LER 2004-005-00 "Standby Gas Treatment System Inoperable due to Pneumatic Accumulator Leakage Rate"

REFERENCES:

CR PNP-2017-2900