|Turkey Point Unit 3|
|Reporting criterion:||10 CFR 50.73(a)(2)(i)(A), Completion of TS Shutdown|
|2502003006R00 - NRC Website|
On April 28, 2003, at1600 hours
, with Unit 3 in Mode 1 at 100% rated thermal power, a management decision was made to enter Technical Specification (TS) 3/ 4.6.4, Containment Isolation Valves, Action Statement d., which requires that the unit be in at least Hot Standby within6 hours
and in Cold Shutdown within the following30 hours
. This decision was made in order to effect repairs to an inoperable containment isolation commenced reactor shutdown. At 21:09 hours, in accordance with plant operating procedures, a manual trip of the unit was performed from approximately 22% power. Following the manual reactor trip, all three turbine-driven auxiliary feedwater pumps started and all control rods fully inserted. The plant was stabilized in Mode 3. A decision was made to remain in Mode 3 (Hot Standby), isolate CV-3-200B and comply with TS 3.6.4 Action Statement c. On April 29, 2003, at0105 hours
, CV-3-200B was isolated and Technical Specification Action Statement c. was met. CV-3-200B was repaired and declared operable on April 30, 2003, at1925 hours
System Description In order to maintain the desired Reactor Coolant System (RCS) inventory, the Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS) must be capable of making up and rejecting water from the RCS. To accomplish its design functions, a continuous charging and letdown balance is maintained between the RCS and the CVCS. Reactor coolant is letdown from a connection on Loop B cold leg. The letdown then flows through the letdown isolation valve, (LCV-3-460) and enters the shell side of a regenerative heat exchanger. Letdown flow then passes through one or more letdown orifices. There are three letdown orifices with two rated at 60 GPM and one rated at 45 GPM. The flow limiting orifices (RO-3-3434, 3435 and 3536) are installed upstream of the letdown isolation valves CV-3-200A, B and C. During normal operation any combination of letdown orifices can be used; however, letdown flow should not exceed 120 GPM. This restriction is based on the design limitations of the system heat exchangers, filters, and demineralizers. When RCS pressure is below normal (e.g., plant heatup), all orifices may have to be opened to obtain the desired system flow rate. The orifices are placed in and removed from service by opening or closing their respective downstream orifice isolation valves.
Orifice � Isolation Valve 45 GPM � 200A 60 GPM � 200B 60 GPM � 200C The charging system, in conjunction with the normal and excess letdown systems, is required to maintain and change pressurizer level as required for the following normal plant operating conditions: stable power operation; ramp load changes between 15% and 100%; and plant heatup and cooldown.
An alternate letdown flow path is provided in the event that the normal flow path is inoperable or inadequate.
Reactor coolant is letdown from the intermediate leg of Loop A and flows through the tube side of the excess letdown heat exchanger. The excess letdown can be diverted to the Reactor Coolant Drain Tank (RCDT) via 3-way valve CV-3-389. Excess letdown is useful in preventing a high pressurizer water level in the event that a normal letdown isolation occurs and can not be quickly restored.
CVCS piping enters containment through six penetrations (Nos. 14, 15, 24 A/ B/ C, and 25). Normal letdown (penetration 14) and excess letdown/RCP seal water leakoff ( penetration 25) are provided with redundant, automatic isolation valves in series. Letdown isolation valves CV-3-200 A, B, and C are located inside containment. The letdown line passes through containment penetration 14, and continues through to containment isolation valve CV-3-204 located outside containment in the auxiliary building pipe and valve room. CV-3-204 isolation valve will automatically close on receipt of a Phase A containment isolation signal.
Phase A isolation is initiated by a safety injection signal.
The letdown isolation valves CV-3-200 A, B, and C are designed to close automatically if:
1. Pressurizer level drops below 14%, or 2. Letdown isolation valve LCV-460 begins to close, or 3. Loss of control air or 125 VDC, or 4. Phase A containment isolation.
In addition, letdown isolation valve (CV-3-200C) can be manually operated by means of a hand wheel operator located on the top works of the valve.
Sequence of Events On April 28, 2003, at1600 hours
, with Unit 3 in Mode 1 at 100% rated thermal power, Technical Specification (TS) 3.6.4, Containment Isolation Valves, Action Statement d. was entered due to an inoperable containment isolation valve, CV-3-200B. TS 3.6.4 Action Statement d. requires that the unit be in at least Hot Standby within6 hours
and in Cold Shutdown within the following30 hours
. Prior to this event, on April 26, 2003 at1350 hours
, while preparing to perform a scheduled 3A charging pump inservice test (1ST), a decrease in pressurizer level was observed due to a mismatch of charging and letdown flow. The 3A charging pump was supplying design flow but was insufficient to maintain pressurizer level stable. The pressurizer level decrease observed was approximately 7 GPM. The IST of the 3A charging pump was terminated upon a 1% decrease in pressurizer level and the CVCS was returned to a normal condition.
Under normal plant conditions, a second charging pump would have been started to maintain pressurizer level.
A troubleshooting plan was developed to determine the cause of the event and identify required corrective actions. Troubleshooting performed after the decrease in pressurizer level observed on April 26, 2003, identified excessive leakage through the closed letdown isolation valves CV-3-200A, B, and C, causing the drop in pressurizer level. On April 28, 2003, at1506 hours
, an inspection team entered the Unit 3 containment to perform a visual inspection of the letdown orifice isolation valves CV-3-200A, B, and C. The scope of the investigation was to perform a series of visual inspections and stroke measurements to identify which valve(s) were leaking by. The inspection team found a gap between the valve bonnet and actuator frame on CV-3- 200B due to loose actuator to bonnet locking lug cap screws. As a result of this inspection, the condition of letdown valve CV-3-200B was deemed indeterminate and on April 28, 2003, at1600 hours
, CV-3-200B was declared inoperable. A management decision was made to shutdown Unit 3 in order to effect the required repairs, and TS 3.6.4, Action Statement d. was entered. At 21:09 hours, in accordance with procedures, a manual trip of the unit was performed from approximately 22% power. The plant was stabilized in Hot Standby (Mode 3). A decision was made to remain in Hot Standby and comply with TS 3.6.4 Action Statement c. by isolating CV-3-200B. On April 29, 2003, at0105 hours
, CV-3-200B was isolated and TS 3.6.4 Action Statement c. was met. CV-3-200B was repaired and declared operable on April 30, 2003, at1925 hours
, and TS 3.6.4 was exited. CV-3-200A and CV-3-200C were also inspected and overhauled to ensure the leak tightness of penetration 14.
Causes of Event The cause of the drop in pressurizer level is attributed to excessive leakage through the closed letdown isolation valves CV-3-200A, B and C. The cause of the excessive leakage was attributed to wear on the valves' stems, cages and plugs due to a lack of a defined Preventive Maintenance Program for periodic maintenance of the letdown isolation valves. Upon inspection of the valves, CV-3-200B was declared inoperable and a management decision was made to enter TS 3.6.4 Action Statement d. to effect required repairs.
Analysis of Safety Significance The letdown isolation valves CV-3-200A, B and C are containment isolation valves located inside containment, which automatically close on a containment isolation signal to mitigate the consequences of accidents that could result in potential offsite exposure comparable to the 10 CFR Part 100 guidelines. These valves are relied upon to mitigate accidents or transients and are used in plant emergency operating procedures. The valves are verified closed on loss of all AC power, and are cycled in response to a reactor trip and steam generator tube rupture.
These valves are also used during natural circulation cooldown to maintain the desired letdown flow rate.
TS 3/4.6.4, Containment Isolation Valves, requires that isolation valves be tested to verify closure time is less than required isolation time. The results of the visual inspection performed as part of the troubleshooting plan rendered the letdown valve CV-3-200B status as indeterminate and as such it was declared inoperable. TS 3.6.4 Action Statement d. was entered in order to effect repairs to the valve.
TS 188.8.131.52, Containment Leakage, requires that the containment leakage rates be limited in accordance with the Containment Leakage Rate Testing Program as described in Administrative TS 6.8.4.h. The combined leakage rate (as-left and as-found) for all penetrations subject to Type B and C tests is required to be less than In accordance with TS 184.108.40.206 and the Containment Leakage Rate Testing Program, the required Local Leak Rate Test (LLRT) under containment pressure conditions was successfully performed on the letdown isolation valves CV-3-200A, B, and C during the Unit 3 Cycle 20 refueling outage. It should be noted that no work was done on these valves during the outage.
Following the refueling outage, an analysis of plant trends (eg. Letdown/Charging flow rates) at normal RCS operating temperature and pressure conditions, shows that there was no change in the performance of the letdown isolation valves since startup from the refueling outage. There was no evidence of any mechanism that could have caused further valve degradation since the refueling outage LLRT was performed. The plant remained in compliance with TS 220.127.116.11.
The cause of the event was excessive leakage of the letdown isolation valves CV-3-200 A, B, and C, when subjected to normal RCS temperature and pressure. The letdown isolation valves automatically close on a containment isolation signal to mitigate the consequences of accidents that could result in potential offsite exposure comparable to the 10 CFR Part 100 guidelines. The conditions under which the letdown containment isolation valves must automatically close are those under adverse containment pressure conditions, not normal RCS pressure conditions. Based on the discussion presented above, it was determined that the leakage experienced by the isolation valves during the April 28, 2003 event affected normal plant operations but did not exceed the TS containment leakage criteria; therefore, the consequences of accidents that could result in potential offsite exposure would not be affected. In addition, isolation of the letdown system is also accomplished by closure of CV-3-204, located outside containment. The CV-3-204 isolation valve will automatically close on receipt of a Phase A containment isolation signal, which is initiated by a safety injection signal. Therefore, the health and safety of the public were not affected by this event.
Letdown isolation valves CV-3-200A, B and C were repaired.
2. The Unit 4 letdown isolation valves CV-4-200A, B, and C will be inspected, assessed by diagnostic testing, and overhauled if required, during the Fall 2003 refueling outage. There is no current day indication of a degraded condition existing on Unit 4.
3. Engineering will review and develop an appropriate preventive maintenance program to improve the reliability of CV-3/4-200A, B and C valves. The Preventive Maintenance program will include monitoring and maintenance requirements.
A review of Turkey Point LERs indicates that no similar event has occurred in the past.
function identifier (if appropriate)].